Other countries have a different opinion.
That means especially the members of ALBA, which, aside from Cuba, include Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Dominica, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Antigua and Barbuda. Suriname and St. Lucia are in the process of becoming full members, and Haiti is interested, too. The leading members of ALBA considered not attending the forthcoming Summit over the failure to include Cuba, and have said they will not attend any more unless Cuba is invited.
Brazil and Argentina --two very influential countries-- have made clear that they, too, will not attend a subsequent Summit to which Cuba is not invited. Their intentions are consistent with their position that the US should end the blockade against the island, a position is shared by all of the other American countries except the US.
Add up the list, and it becomes clear that, absent a lot of regime change, there will be no more Summits for the foreseeable future.
The occasional Summits of the Americas are not a traditional activity of the OAS. The first one took place in 1994 in Miami, at the invitation of the US, which wanted to promote the Free Trade Area of the Americas, FTAA, whose acronym in Spanish is ALCA. Brazil and Argentina were instrumental in rejecting the proposal, and ALBA was founded subsequently with that name as an alternative to ALCA.
Ms. Jackson, we assume, knows that. She remains optimistic.
Equally a positive thinker, although not a well-informed one, Sen. Marco Rubio told an audience at the Heritage Foundation also on Wednesday that the Cuban government would fall promptly if all Cubans had "unfiltered access to Internet and social media," as happened during the "Arab Spring."
The gathering was hosted by the Heritage Foundation and Google Ideas, which gives an idea of how private enterprise in the US is independent --or not-- of the government. The Director of Google Ideas is Jared Cohen, formerly of the State Department under Condoleezza Rice, who praised his work in introducing social networking to regime-change operations. He was retained by Hillary Clinton until 2010. His profile at the Council on Foreign Relations, where he is an Adjunct Senior Fellow, reads:
Expertise -- Terrorism; radicalization; impact of connection technologies on 21st century statecraft; Iran.
Programs -- Cyberconflict and Cybersecurity Initiative, Civil Society, Markets, and Democracy Initiative
So maybe Ms. Jackson knows something we don't, and maybe Sen. Rubio has reason to suggest, as he did, that the US should help Cuba to build the Internet, the better to overthrow its government.
At the same time, Rubio defended the blockade, and said that it remains "a powerful leverage point." The blockade, of course, is a leading reason for the lack of universal Internet service in Cuba, by damaging Cuba's economy and by making illegal the sale to Cuba of the hardware and software that the Internet requires. It would run counter to US law to help Cuba build its Internet.
Rubio, who has never been to Cuba, explained, according to a McClatchy reporter, that
Cuba's leadership remains uninterested in change because the privileged and elite few there see the island as "13 million person plantation called Cuba"..."They own this plantation, this island, they have it pretty good."
He must still be thinking about what his parents --who fled the Batista dictatorship-- told him about Cuba. And he could find on Internet that Cuba has about 11.2, not 13, million people. He could just Google it