CUBA is implementing measures to support fertility in the demographic context of lower birth rates and population growth which the country has been experiencing for more than 18 years.
The expert explained that the measures are meant to provide more information to men and women, especially adolescents, about contraceptive options available. The goal is to promote wanted pregnancies and reduce abortions, which have become the fundamental cause of infertility over the last few years.
He emphasized that the country is making an effort to improve the kinds of contraceptives provided, although availability in Cuba is among the best in the world. Oral and injectable contraceptives, much safer than intrauterine devices, are being promoted.
"A program providing comprehensive attention to sexuality exists and its implementation must become more effective. Adolescents need to develop a more responsible attitude; fundamentally they should use condoms to protect themselves from sexually transmitted diseases and reduce unwanted or unplanned pregnancies," he said. He additionally explained that Cuba has a program for infertile couples, which begins with services provided at the municipal level, where 60% of the problems preventing the conception of a child are resolved.
Provincial centers for assisted conception are also in place, plus three clinics with advanced technology to meet the demand for these types of services. These new facilities are located in the González Coro Gynecology-Obstetrics Hospital in Havana; the Gustavo Aldereguía in Cienfuegos, and the Vladimir Ilich Lenin in Holguín, and join the existing clinic at the Hermanos Ameijeiras Hospital in the capital. (AIN)